Pedagogy


Student Response Systems (SRS) Research

Peer Instruction: Engaging students one-on-one, all at once

Catherine Crouch, Jessica Watkins, Adam Fagen and Eric Mazur

In this excerpt, the concept of Peer Instruction is reviewed as well as the benefits it has on collaborative and individual student performance. This proven methodology is reinforced with over 10 years of data compiled from Harvard University. The application of student response systems used collaboratively with Peer Instruction is also discussed, citing significant improvement in student understanding and engagement.

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Clickers in the Large Classroom: Current Research and Best-Practice Tips

Jane E. Caldwell

Jane Caldwell discusses how audience response systems (ARS) create engaging learning environments in large classrooms. Topics covered include Goals of ARS questions, compensating for reduced lecture time, examples of ARS use, guidelines and best practices as well as both student and instructor feedback. Caldwell's research supports the value response systems have on student learning and the positive effects they have when used with the peer learning approach to instruction.

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Increasing Interactivity in Lectures Using an Electronic Voting System

S. W. Draper & M. I. Brown

Read about the use of student response as it is used in eight different educational departments with lecture sizes up to 300 students. An evaluation of the most common student and teacher benefits is also presented and shows that most students found the technology to be beneficial to their learning. Further analysis of the positive outcomes associated with the use of student response in conjunction with peer discussion is reviewed.

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Teaching with Technology White Paper: Classroom Response Systems 

Ashley Deal, Carnegie Mellon Publisher  N. W. Reay, Pengfei Li, and Lei Bao

The effective use of student response technology as a means of assessing student understanding and comprehension, maintaining student attention and increasing student engagement is reviewed in this research paper. Discover how student response can assist in the creation of class activities and lesson plans. 

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Testing a New Voting Machine Methodology

 N.W. Reay, Pengfei Li, and Lei Bao 

Student performance is compared during a three quarter evaluation of the use of student response systems. Data gathered from this study indicated that students using student response technology achieved significant gains in conceptual learning. Additionally, students received the technology quite favorably and felt that the technology did help improve their learning.

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Pedagogy Correlation Charts

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Turning Technologies Student Response Systems:  A Performance-Based Accountability Solution

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Best Practices

  • Use an "Ice Breaker" to introduce use of the student response system. 
  • Include an "Answer Now" prompt to differentiate between lecture slides and interactive polling slides.
  • Use a "Correct Answer" indicator to visually identify the appropriate answer.
  • Increase responsiveness by using a "Countdown Timer" which will close polling after a set amount of time.
  • Not all questions have to have a right answer. Use the response system to reveal opinions and insights.
  • Assign point values to questions instead of simply setting them as right or wrong. Use point values to award attendance and/or participation points.
  • Use low-stakes quizzing composed of 10 items to make sure that students have done their reading before they come to class.
  • Include short bursts of 3-4 questions mixed in with other more traditional presentations and activities to keep your students and participants engaged.
  • Respond to meeting or classroom discussions-Insert questions on-the-fly by pressing F5 on your keyboard or selecting the arrow next to the on-the-fly icon in the TurningPoint ShowBar.
  • TurningPoint is SMART Aware. This means that if you have a SMART Board interactive whiteboard in your classroom, you can just pick up your pens and start annotating over your slides. For more information refer to your SMART Board user guides.
  • Change TurningPoint's default settings to match your presentation color scheme. Click on the Spectacles icon on the TurningPoint toolbar.
  • Add a fun, competitive element-track individual teams, groups, or students using a "Participant List". Add a "Fastest Responder" slide or view group results.
  • To find out who has yet to respond to a question, press F7 or F8. This will show a "Response Grid" on screen with ResponseCard keypad numbers and names.
  • Track changes in understanding or opinions by asking the same question at the beginning and end or your presentation. See side-by-side results using a "Comparison Slide."