Is Your Baby on Track?

Age (birth - 3 months)

  • Recognizes your voice and is quiet for a moment when you speak.
  • Startles or jumps after a loud sound.
  • Stirs, wakes up, or cries when someone talks or makes a noise.
  • Makes sound indicating pleasure.
  • Looks at you, looks away, then looks at you again during playtime.
  • Repeats the same sounds often.
  • Cries differently for different needs.
  • Smiles when he/she sees you.

Age (4 - 6 months)

  • Turns eyes towards an interesting sound, such as your voice.
  • Appears to listen, then smiles when spoken to.
  • Smiles or stops crying when you speak.
  • Awakes easily to sounds.
  • Notices toys that make sound.
  • Makes babbling noises that are more speech-like and include a variety of sounds.
  • Tells you by sound or gesture when he/she wants you to do something again.

Age (7 months - 1 year)

  • Stops or pays attention when you say "no" or call his/her name.
  • Moves his/her head to try to find where a new sound is coming from.
  • Strings of sounds such as "ba, ba, ba, da, da, da."
  • Understands "no" and "bye-bye."
  • Enjoys games like "peek-a-boo" and "pat-a-cake."
  • Has one or two words (bye-bye, mama, dada), although they may not be clear.
  • Child uses speech or non-crying sounds to get and keep your attention.

Age (1 - 2 years)

  • Gives you toys or other objects when you ask, without your having to use a gesture.
  • Points to familiar objects if you ask.
  • Follows simple commands and understands simple questions such as, "roll the ball," or "kiss the baby."
  • Listens to simple stories, songs, and rhymes.
  • Says more words every month.
  • Puts two words together ("more cookie," "no juice").

Age (2 - 3 years)

  • Understands differences between concepts such as, "go-stop," or "up-down".
  • Continues to notice sounds such as a ringing telephone or doorbell.
  • Has a word for almost everything.
  • Speaks understandably (to parent) most of the time.
  • Uses two- or three-word sentences to talk about and ask for things.

Age (3 - 4 years)

  • Hears you when you call him/her from another room.
  • Hears television or radio at the same loudness level as the other people in the room.
  • Answers simple "who," "what," "when," "where," "why" questions.
  • Talks about what he/she does at school or at friends' houses.
  • Usually talks easily without repeating syllables or words.
  • Is understandable to people outside your family.
  • Uses many sentences that have four or more words.

Age (4.5 - 5 years)

  • Hears and understands most of what is said at home and in school.
  • Is thought by others to hear them well.
  • Pays attention to a story and answers simple questions about it.
  • Communicates easily with other children and adults.
  • Says all sounds correctly except maybe one or two.
  • Uses the same grammar as the rest of the family.