This plan will be integrated with the Safety and Transportation Emergency Response Plan. It will provide a foundation of items to be addressed in a serious fire situation, yet allow the flexibility to adapt the response to the individual incident.
- Plan Ahead.
- If unfamiliar with building, look for fire escape and alternate route(s) upon entering.
- If familiar with building:
- Know your closest emergency exit.
- Be aware of alternative exits in the event smoke or fire blocks closest exit.
- Learn the "refuge" areas in the building, i.e. enclosed stairways (fire towers).
- Be familiar with alarm locations and method of activation.
- Be familiar with location of extinguishers, and read instructions on use ahead of time.
- Keep aisles, exits, and exit signs clear of obstructions so that you can exit quickly. Do not wedge open a fire door. If you do, this will speed up the spread of smoke.
- If you are in a burning building:
- Avoid panic.
- Evacuate immediately.
- Take short breaths, and, if possible, cover face with wet cloth.
- Before passing through door, test it. Check metal door knob. If the door is warm or knob is hot, use an alternative route. If not warm, brace your shoulder against the door and open it cautiously. Be ready to slam it if smoke or heat rush in. After passing through a door or window, CLOSE IT; openings allow horizontal spread of fire.
- If trapped in a room, if possible open windows from the top to let out heat and smoke, open the windows from the bottom to let in fresh air. If you cannot exit though the window, stuff cracks and cover vents to keep out smoke. If there is a phone in the room, phone security and give your exact location, even if they are at the scene. Signal from a window such as a sheet, pillow case or shirt to attract attention. If in a high rise building and paint (i.e. art supplies) is available, write the floor number and room backwards on the inside of an outer facing window.
- If you are able to exit, go to the nearest stairs, but, do not use an elevator, you may become trapped if the power fails.
- If nearest exit is blocked by fire, use alternative exit.
- After evacuating building, stand well clear of it. Never re-enter a burning building. Allow the fire fighting equipment to maneuver around the building as is necessary.