Rubrics are essential to the assessment process. A rubric goes far beyond simply assigning a set of points or a letter grade to student work. It describes the quality of work based on set criteria. Rubrics allow for objectivity and consistency in grading a wide range of assignments and activities.  They are beneficial to the student because they clarify your expectations and show students how to meet them.  Students can also get formative feedback using the assessment’s rubric by comparing their own work with the rubric or through peer reviews. 

Rubrics can take on many forms; traditionally they are developed as a table with a set of criteria and varying levels of competency. However they can also be as simple as a checklist. A great resource for different types of rubrics and examples can be found on the Teaching, Learning, and Technology Group’s website.