Types of Academic Dishonesty

Academic Dishonesty

The actions/behaviors that are acceptable in one class may not be acceptable in another class, and both teachers and students share the responsibility for communicating these limits for a particular class. While the specifics will vary among classes, the following fundamental definitions describe acts that constitute academic dishonesty.

Cheating

The term “cheating” refers to using or attempting to use unauthorized technology, materials, information, or study aids in any academic exercise (whether intentional or not) or taking any action designed to obtain unearned credit (points) in the class. When in doubt about what is authorized, students should consult their teachers.

Fabrication or other misconduct in research

The term “fabrication” refers to unauthorized falsification or invention of any information (including research data) or any citation in any academic exercise; “misconduct in research” refers to any violation of ethical guidelines for attributing credit and authorship in research endeavors, non-compliance with established research policies, or other violations of ethical research practice.

Plagiarism

The term “plagiarism” includes, but is not limited to, the use, by paraphrase or direct quotation, of the published or unpublished work or sections of a work of another person without full and clear acknowledgement (whether intentional or not). This includes any material copied directly or paraphrased from the Internet. The unacknowledged use of materials prepared by another person or agency engaged in the selling of term papers or other academic materials, including material taken from or ordered through the Internet, also constitutes plagiarism.

Facilitating academic dishonesty

Assisting or attempting to assist another to violate any provision of this Academic Integrity Policy, whether or not that action is associated with any particular course, is considered academic dishonesty.

Plagiarism

The term “plagiarism” includes, but is not limited to, the use, by paraphrase or direct quotation, of the published or unpublished work or sections of a work of another person without full and clear acknowledgement (whether intentional or not). This includes any material copied directly or paraphrased from the Internet. The unacknowledged use of materials prepared by another person or agency engaged in the selling of term papers or other academic materials, including material taken from or ordered through the Internet, also constitutes plagiarism.

Resources

Please check out Plagiarism.org. Their mission is "to support the education community with a comprehensive set of resources to help students write with integrity."

Helping Students Avoid Plagiarism

Avoiding Plagiarism

The Writing Center at the Bear CLAW provides help with writing. They have published an informative article about plagiarism and paraphrasing, please check it out!

 

Cheating

The term “cheating” refers to using or attempting to use unauthorized technology, materials, information, or study aids in any academic exercise (whether intentional or not) or taking any action designed to obtain unearned credit (points) in the class. When in doubt about what is authorized, students should consult their teachers.

Instructor sanctions may be imposed according to the Academic Integrity Policies & Procedures. Following these guidelines will protect you if a student decides to challenge you, so it’s very important that you include them in your syllabus.

The instructor can impose the following sanctions only if those sanctions are specified in the instructor’s course policy statement. The maximum penalty an instructor can impose is a failing grade in the class. The failing grade can, at the instructor’s option, indicated failure due to academic dishonesty, as described below. Instructor sanctions that may be specified in course policy statements include:

  • Denying credit on an assignment and/or examination;
  • Requiring additional assignments and/or examinations;
  • Lowering the student’s course grade;
  • Issuing a failing course grade ("F");
  • Issuing a failing course grade of "XF", which indicates that this failing grade was due to academic dishonesty. The grade "XF" shall be treated as an "F" grade for the purposes of grade point average, course repeatability, and the determination of academic standing.

No grade-related sanction may be imposed until a student admits misconduct and/or forgoes appeal rights, or is found in violation after an AIC proceeding. If an academic integrity matter is pending at the end of a semester, the student will receive an Incomplete ("I") in the course until the matter is resolved.

The Code Of Student Rights and Responsibilities

Facilitating academic dishonesty

Assisting or attempting to assist another to violate any provision of this Academic Integrity Policy, whether or not that action is associated with any particular course, is considered academic dishonesty.

MSU faculty should state their expectatins of academic behavior, most of these established statements can be found in the syllabus for each class. Each teacher tends to have their own rules and expectations regarding these academic expectations, so make sure you read the information given by each instructor. If you are not sure, ASK! 

Fabrication or other misconduct in research

The term “fabrication” refers to unauthorized falsification or invention of any information (including research data) or any citation in any academic exercise; “misconduct in research” refers to any violation of ethical guidelines for attributing credit and authorship in research endeavors, non-compliance with established research policies, or other violations of ethical research practice.

Research Misconduct Policy

Op4.01-7 Research Misconduct Policy

Missouri State University is committed to the ethical conduct of research.  The administration, faculty, students, and staff of the University share in the responsibility for preserving the integrity of research. All members of the University community are responsible for promoting the highest ethical principles in each academic discipline.  The following procedures conform to the Public Health Service Rule 42 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 93.  While 42 CFR Part 93 applies to all individuals who may be involved with a project supported by, or who have submitted a grant application to, the Public Health Service (PHS), this Missouri State policy applies to all individuals engaged in University research whatever the funding source.

I. Definition of Research Misconduct

Research misconduct means fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism, in proposing, performing or reviewing research, or in reporting research results.

Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them.

Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.

Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results or words without giving appropriate credit.

Research misconduct does not include honest error or differences of opinion. (§ 93.103, 42 CFR Part 93).

Please check the Policy Library for more information regarding Research Misconduct