- Missouri State University is under the general control and management of the Board of Governors, which according to statutes of the state of Missouri, possesses full power and authority to adopt all needful rules and regulations for the guidance and supervision of the University.
- The President is the chief executive officer of the University, responsible to the Board of Governors for the administration of institutional policies and operations.
- The Administrative Council includes the central administrators who work to develop and implement the goals and priorities of the University.
- The Faculty Senate is the representative body for the full-time faculty that provides a means of collective action of the faculty in dealing with matters of concern to the faculty, including matters of curriculum.
- The Graduate Council is part of the faculty governance process, acting on graduate-level curriculum matters, programs, general policies and appointments to the Graduate Faculty.
- The Staff Senate is the representative body for the full-time staff that addresses concerns related to the staff and functions in an advisory capacity in the development, review and implementation of University policies
- The Student Government Association is recognized as the official voice of the student body to represent the students of Missouri State University. In that capacity, the SGA may exercise the right to investigate general problems of student life and activity in the University and to report to officials on the local, state, and national levels on matters of student interest.