AA's - Author's alterations
art work - Illustrative materials, digital files
author - Printing Services definition is the person who requests the job, regardless of who originated the piece
backbone - The back of a bound book connecting the two covers, also called spine
backed up - Printing the reverse side of a sheet already printed on one side
blowup - Enlargement of the original document or photo.
booger glue - specialized rubber type glue used to hold loose sheets of items unto another object but allows you to peel it off later.
body type - The type that is used for the main part or text of a printed piece
CC's - customer corrections
comb binding - Hole punching the pages and cover of a book to be held together with a plastic comb style binder.
copy - All material to be included in a printed work
crop - Reduce in size by removing part of an image (mark area to be cropped - DO NOT CUT ORIGINAL)
display type - Larger than body type, for titles and headings
dummy - A preliminary layout showing the position of illustrations and text as they are to appear in the final reproduction
epson proof - A full color proof
flush (left/right) - Typeset copy vertically aligned at the left or right margin
font - The complete set of characters in a type style
format - The appearance of a printed work (type style, layout, margins, size, etc.)
four (4) color process printing - (CMYK) using four colors of ink, cyan (blue), magenta (red), yellow and black with specific dot pattern and screen angles to reproduce full color on printed project.
halftone - A photograph that has been modified into a dot pattern for printing
justify - Space out lines of type so that both left and right margins are flush
kerning - Widening or narrowing spaces between typeset characters
layout - The drawing or sketch of a proposed printed piece
leading - Extra spacing between lines of typeset copy (Printers used to use lead strips for spacers.)
line copy (line work) - Any copy which contains only solid black and white, without halftones
make ready - All operations required to prepare the finished copy for printing
padding - adding a compound to the edge of a stack of paper to make scratch pads.
perfect bind - A wrap around, glued paper book cover
pica - Unit of measurement used principally in measuring lines. One pica equals approximately 1/6 inch
point - Basic unit of type measurement. One point equals 1/12 pica and approximately 1/72 inch
proof - A black and white or color representation of your project to show color, layout of artwork and copy. Also see blue-line proof.
blue-line proof - A proof from a negative used to check layout and position
ragged (left/right) - Unjustified copy
register - To position two or more images so they are precisely superimposed
reverse - Make white areas black, and black areas white
running head - A title repeated on each page
saddle stitch - Bind by stapling folded sheets through the fold
separations - print out of each individual color used to run a specific project. used in multi color and 4 color process printing. can be paper, film or printing plate.
side stitch - Bind by stapling sheets on the side near the backbone (spine)
signature - A set of folded pages that once collated together with other signatures make a book
spine - See backbone
spiral binding - Book binding with plastic or wire inserted through holes punched along the binding side
stock - Material to be printed on
text - The body of a page or book, as distinguished from the heading
thermal tape bind - A process to bind pages of a book and the cover together using a special glue strip heated in a cover clamp.
widow - A single word in a line by itself, ending a paragraph