Missouri State University

Identification of Hazardous Materials


To provide guidelines for the identification of hazardous materials.

Hazardous Material

Title 49, Part 105 of the Code of Federal Regulations defines hazardous material as

A substance or material, including a hazardous substance, which has been determined by the Secretary of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property.

Hazardous materials are listed by shipping name in the Hazardous Materials Table (49 CFR 172.101)

Hazardous Chemical

Under OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard, hazardous chemical is defined under Section 1910.1200(c) of Title 29 of the code of Federal Regulations as any element, chemical compound, or mixture of elements are listed in 29 CFR 1910-1000.

  1. Health Hazard means a chemical for which there is a statistically significant evidence based on at least one study conducted in accordance with established scientific principles that acute or chronic health effects may occur in exposed employees.  The term "health hazard" includes chemicals which are carcinogens, toxic or highly toxic agents, reproductive toxins, irritants, corrosives, sensitizers, hepatotoxins, nephrotoxins, neurotoxins, agents which act on the hematopoietic system, and agents which damage the lunch, skin, eyes, or mucous membranes.
  2. Physical Hazard means a chemical for which there is scientifically valid evidence that it is a combustible liquid, a compressed gas, explosive, flammable, an organic peroxide, an oxidizer, pyrophoric, unstable (reactive) or water-reactive.

Users are responsible for the identification of hazardous materials that they acquire or may be located in the laboratory or facility.