The Department of Nursing is an integral part of Missouri State University and the College of Health and Human Services. The Department of Nursing embraces the values of the University public affairs mission and is dedicated to excellence in: (1) undergraduate and graduate nursing education, (2) scholarship, and (3) service using a community-based perspective.
The Department of Nursing values the continual professional development of its faculty and students through education, scholarship, and service. This development builds upon theories, principles, and the concepts of professional nursing, client, environment, health, and learning.
The Department of Nursing believes that Professional Nursing is a science and an art with core values that include caring, altruism, autonomy, human dignity, integrity, social justice, and respect and acceptance of diversity. Nursing’s unique body of knowledge incorporates life experiences, and builds upon theories and principles from the liberal arts and sciences, as well as from nursing science, practice, and scholarship. The faculty believe that nursing is an autonomous and collaborative discipline that practices within a framework of ethical and professional standards. As members of a practice discipline, nurses provide care in a variety of roles to clients in diverse settings, such as in the role of care provider, designer, manager, and coordinator of care to clients. As members of a profession, nurses have a commitment to professional development and life-long learning. At the master’s level, nurses are prepared for advanced roles as nurse educator, leader, and clinician. At the doctorate level, nurses implement advanced roles as clinician, scholar, leaders, consultants, and policy makers as system level change agents.
Through the use of critical thinking, therapeutic communication, and technical skills, nurses, using systematic approaches, assist clients in meeting health care needs. At the undergraduate level, professional nurses are prepared to assess health care needs, to design nursing care, and to provide, manage, and evaluate health care. Building upon undergraduate education, graduate programs prepare professional nurses for advanced nursing roles as family nurse practitioners and nurse educators. Nurse educators facilitate the teaching-learning process of individuals and groups in a variety of settings. Family nurse practitioners provide primary care across the life span. At the doctorate level, advanced practice nurses are able to work with individual health concerns, as well as diverse population groups and systems to promote improved health outcomes.
Clients, as living systems, are unique holistic beings composed of physiological, psychological, spiritual, social, and cultural dimensions that are in continuous interaction with the environment. Individuals have inherent dignity and self-worth and are in a continuous state of growth and development across the life span. Individuals are self-determining; however, each individual functions interdependently with other individuals, families, and communities. Although vulnerable to illness and disease, clients have the potential capacity to achieve health literacy, reduce risk, prevent disease, promote health, and to manage their internal and external environments.
The environment includes everything that impacts the client. The environment has physiological, psychological, spiritual, social, and cultural dimensions that interact with the client and can have individual, as well as global implications for health and health care. Nurses engage in therapeutic nursing interventions to manage, modify, and manipulate the internal and external environmental dimensions to promote optimal health, and prevent illness and disease. The professional nurse has an understanding of health care systems and policies that impact the client’s environments, including information technology.
Health is a description of the holistic, dynamic, multidimensional optimal state of the client. Health is composed of interacting genetic, physiological, psychological, spiritual, social, and cultural dimensions and is a result of the individual’s constant interaction with the environment. Disease, as a component of health, is a manifestation of these client-environment interactions. Nurses assist clients to restore, maintain, and promote health; to prevent and treat illness and disease; and when death is imminent, to support dying with dignity.
Learning is a dynamic interactive process involving communication and critical thinking that builds upon previous experiences and knowledge. Learning occurs at different rates for individuals, and implies a shared responsibility between the learner and the educator. Faculty recognize the unique needs of the learner. Acting as facilitator and catalyst in the learning process, faculty foster the development of professional and technological skills, critical thinking, and lifelong learning, and support the internalization of professional values.