Research Collaborator Document


Research Collaborator Information Document

Entrepreneurship researchers from around the world are being invited to participate in a global research project on international entrepreneurship. The project is being directed by Dr. Elizabeth J. Rozell and Dr. Wesley A. Scroggins at Missouri State University in Springfield, MO, USA. The project is entitled E-WORLD (Entrepreneurship Work in Organizations Requiring Leadership Development). The directors have received a $300,000 nontransferable research grant to fund the project for the first two years. Additional funding is being sought for years three and four. Research collaborators are needed in various countries to facilitate data collection in their respective country to enable cross-cultural analyses on successful entrepreneurship.

Summary of the E-WORLD Project

E-WORLD blends two themes: entrepreneurship and international perspectives. E-WORLD is proposed to be a cross cultural research program based on data to be collected by numerous scholars from several different countries. The objectives of E-WORLD are to investigate several theoretical issues. The following research questions will be explored:

  1. Are different entrepreneurial characteristics needed for success in different international cultures?  What does it take to be a successful entrepreneur in various countries?
  2. Which characteristics of successful entrepreneurs are specific to which international cultures?  Which characteristics are universal, meaning they are needed across most all international cultures?
  3. What cultural characteristics within a country make certain entrepreneurial characteristics more important than other characteristics?
  4. How can an entrepreneur possessing certain characteristics be fitted or matched with the requirements of a particular culture to increase the likelihood of entrepreneurial success?
  5. How can critical entrepreneurial competencies be trained or developed in a particular culture?  How can these competencies be trained and developed in expatriate managerial development programs?

In essence, we are taking both a contingency and an implicit/attributional approach to entrepreneurship. It is anticipated that a typology would be developed based on the results of our research whereby entrepreneurial traits necessary for success would be identified both within and between countries. This information could be used for selection and training purposes, especially those entrepreneurs desiring to operate in cross-cultural contexts.

The current research proposal is similar in scope to the GLOBE project. An exhaustive research effort was undertaken entitled “Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness” (GLOBE) to conceptualize key leadership differences in the global environment.  The study lasted for ten years and involved 170 researchers gathering information from 17,000 managers in 62 different cultures. The managers worked in the telecommunications, food, and banking industries.  The effects of several cultural dimensions (performance orientation, assertiveness, future orientation, humane orientation, institutional collectivism, in-group collectivism, gender egalitarianism, power distance, and uncertainty avoidance) were studied to grasp their impact on leader expectations and organizational practices. Our research program would follow the same approach but would study entrepreneurial traits.

The program is to be executed in three phases:

  1. Establishing research relationships and collaborators; develop research instrument (year 1)
  2. Data collection involving all research collaborators (year 2)
  3. Application of research findings for training and development purposes (year 3 and beyond)

Current Status of the E-WORLD Project

The E-WORLD Project is in the initial stages of Phase 1 in the first year. At this time, relationships with research collaborators need to be established in various countries and a research questionnaire developed. Research collaborators are needed to provide information on the nature and state of entrepreneurship in their country for the purpose of questionnaire development. Once a questionnaire has been developed to measure participant perceptions on entrepreneurship, research collaborators will use the questionnaire in their respective country to collect data from both entrepreneurs and employees in small and medium sized entrepreneurial organizations. We anticipate posting the questionnaire online to facilitate data collection where possible. Research collaborators and participants will be given access to the online questionnaire for completion.

At present, we need research collaborators to provide information to help develop the research questionnaire. We ask that collaborators provide the following three items.

  1. A description of the successful entrepreneur in their country culture.
  2. A list of characteristics, traits, and behaviors of successful entrepreneurs in their country culture. We realize there will be overlap on items 1 & 2.
  3. Any other items that should be included on the research questionnaire. These may be specific to their culture or relevant to entrepreneurship in general.

These items can simply be sent to the project directors by email, preferably as an email attachment. Contact information is included below.

We would like to have the research questionnaire completed by the end of the year or early in the Spring 2008. At that time, research collaborators will be responsible for identifying small to medium sized entrepreneurial organizations (250 employees or less) and using the questionnaire to collect data from both entrepreneurs and employees in these organizations. During this entire process, the directors and research collaborators will maintain close contact to make sure that the research proceeds in a smooth and timely fashion. Most communication will take place through the telephone and email. Some travel to the host countries by the directors will also be possible.

Research Collaborator Duties, Expectations and Benefits

The following is a list of duties and expectations required from E-WORLD research collaborators.           

  1. Host country research collaborators will work under the direction of the E-WORLD program directors
  2. Secure contacts in the host country for the collection of quantitative and qualitative data
  3. Direct the collection of data in the host country
  4. Conduct focus groups if needed
  5. Give all data obtained to the E-WORLD program directors
  6. Help program directors understand cultural factors that might help explain the data or that are relevant to other aspects of the project
  7. Co-author with program directors a paper for publication focusing on results for the host country

Research collaborator benefits include the opportunity to publish results from their own country. This will be done in collaboration with the program directors. Research collaborators will also be allowed to keep the data that they collect from their country. After the five research questions have been investigated, all research collaborators will be given full access to the entire E-WORLD database. Collaborators will be free to form their own hypotheses and studies and use the E-WORLD data to test those hypotheses in their own studies.


If you are interested in being a research collaborator in the E-WORLD Project, please contact the co-directors, Dr. Elizabeth J. Rozell or Dr. Wesley A. Scroggins at the phone numbers or email addresses below.

Elizabeth J. Rozell, Ph.D.                                  Wesley A. Scroggins, Ph.D.                

Missouri State University                                   Missouri State University          

Department of Management                             Department of Management

901 S. National Avenue                                      901 S. National Avenue

Springfield, MO 65897  USA                              Springfield, MO 65897   USA

Phone: 1-417-836-5576                                     Phone: 1-417-836-5505       

Also helping Dr. Rozell and Dr. Scroggins will be their EWORLD Research Coordinator Mr. Thomas Moore.

Thomas Moore

EWORLD Research Coordinator

Missouri State University

901 S. National Avenue

Springfield, MO 65897

Phone: 1-417-425-3596

We would like to schedule a conference call with each interested research collaborator to familiarize ourselves with each other and discuss further details of the project. Secondly, as stated above, we will need the information on entrepreneurship in your culture for questionnaire development sometime in the next 2 -3 months. This information can be emailed to us.

Dr. Elizabeth J. Rozell & Dr. Wesley A. Scroggins



Copyright © 2006 Elizabeth Rozell and Wesley Scroggins
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