All of the students in the Master of Science Nurse Anesthesia program at Missouri State University are required to perform hands-on, human subject research related to anesthesia in order to graduate from the program. The students are assigned a research project in their first semester and work to complete their project throughout the duration of the 30-month program.

Research is always being conducted by students and faculty in the department, examples of current research includes:

Effect of placement and administration of an epidural anesthetic on the first and second stages of labor

Pain outcomes for patients receiving femoral nerve blocks and general anesthesia versus general anesthesia only when undergoing total knee arthroplasty

Effectiveness of antiemetics in preventing nausea and vomiting experienced by women after a hysterectomy

Deep verse awake: Laryngeal mask airway removal in adult patients undergoing lower extremity orthopedic procedures

Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after dilatation and curettage (D&C) procedure:  a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing Inhalation anesthesia and total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA)

Examining post-operative pain and nausea with preemptive narcotic administration vs. titrated narcotic administration in laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Cost analysis of maintaining high-flow oxygen concentrations in-between OR cases.

Endotracheal tube verse laryngeal mask airway management for the pediatric patient undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

A retrospective chart review comparing the effects of smoking vs. nonsmoking on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in women undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy

A retrospective chart review comparing the effects of combined epidural and general anesthesia verse general anesthesia alone on return of bowel function in patients undergoing abdominal laparotomy for gynecologic procedures

A retrospective chart review describing common clinical characteristics and disease processes that increase the likelihood of hospital admission after outpatient surgery at the ambulatory surgery center.

A retrospective chart view comparing incidence of blood product transfusion in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with and without pre-incisional autologous blood unit withdrawal

Correlation of esophageal temperature probe and skint temperature probe during abdominal procedures

Growth of microorganisms on anesthetic equipment before, during, and after anesthetic delivery

The ability for lidocaine given pre-operatively in the holding area, or OR to decrease the irritation from laryngoscopy during intubation.

Turn over times of students compared to CRNA’s wheels in to wheels out of the OR. This study is divided in 6 month clinical categories.

Time comparison of time to ambulate and participate in physical therapy for total knee replacements receiving general verse spinal anesthetic

The sterility of non-dextrose based IV fluids left for >24o at room temperature in a closed system.

Determine if the baricity of spinal anesthesia used for hip/femur procedures correlates with post-operative pain control duration. This could be a retrospective study looking at type of spinal administered and the timing of the patient’s first dose of post-operative pain medication. Charlie Wilson, Shelli Stockton

Continued research on bacterial growth on anesthesia equipment – part 2 teaching and re-swabbing

Ofirmev (liquid Tylenol) efficacy when given pre, during, and post op. IRB approval is already in the works