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Body Composition Laboratory

Body Composition Laboratory

Missouri State University's Biomedical Sciences Department has a new, unique body composition laboratory that is open to the public. This laboratory offers state-of-the-art equipment that measures bone density, metabolic rate, and total body fat composition. We also offer nutrition counseling and lipid panel testing.

If you have any questions about the Body Composition Laboratory, please contact the Biomedical Sciences Department at (417)-836-5603 or at


**To schedule an appointment for any of the following services, please call Noah at (417) 849-4333.



Bod Pod - $35

The Bod Pod uses air displacement technology to provide highly accurate results more quickly and easily. The person is weighed then enters the Bod Pod and sits comfortably during three brief forty-second measurement periods. The Bod Pod uses computerized pressure sensors to determine the amount of air displaced by the person's body (larger people displace more air than smaller people). This method of calculating body composition is accurate within 1 to 2%.

VO2 Max Treadmill Test - (Call for pricing)

The VO2 max treadmill test is an incremental test to voluntary exhaustion. By measuring the amount of oxygen you breathe in and out you can calculate the maximal amount of oxygen that your body can use during exercise. This is an indication of your aerobic fitness as the more oxygen your muscles can take up and use to produce energy, the higher power output you can attain. When the test begins it will seem very easy. The intensity will increase by small increments every 1-2 minutes and will continue until you cannot keep pace and fatigue, which forces you to stop. You will wear a heart rate monitor throughout the test and also be fitted with a face mask to measure the air you breathe in and out for VO2 calculation.

Metabolic Cart - $35

A metabolic cart is an electronic medical tool to measure the body’s metabolism through the amount of heat produced when the body is at rest. The metabolic cart uses a process called calorimetry to get this measurement. The result can help tell more about a person’s overall health condition. It uses two factors to calculate the final heat production. One is the intake of oxygen for the body and the other is the output of carbon dioxide.

DEXA Scan - $50

DEXA scan is now considered the Gold Standard for body composition. It is a three component test separating adipose tissue, lean body mass, and bone mineral density. it measures both subcutaneous (fat underneath the skin) and visceral (fat around the organs). Likewise, it measures region specific so that you can see, for example, if your right leg contains more body fat or muscle than your left leg. Its color enhanced graphics also show where you contain a higher density of body fat. The DEXA scanner produces two X-ray beams, each with different energy levels. One beam is high energy while the other is low energy. The amount of X-rays that pass through the bone is measured for each beam. This will vary depending on the thickness of the bone. Based on the difference between the two beams, the bone density can be measured.

Lipid Panel Testing

More information coming soon!