College of Natural and Applied Sciences Student Learning Outcomes

Biology (BA, BS, BSEd, MNAS, MS)

General student learning outcomes for all biology majors
  • Students will be able to describe living systems, including their nature, organization and evolution
  • Students will be able to apply methods of scientific inquiry in biology
  • Students will be able to describe how human activities affect the living world and the physical environment (note: related to public affairs)
  • Students will be able to describe the flow of energy and matter within and among organisms
  • Students will be able to explain the historical context of biological discoveries
  • Students will be able to evaluate information by discriminating between science and non-science
  • Students will be able to evaluate & interpret quantitative data using the scientific method
  • Students will be able to practice safety and proper techniques in the laboratory
  • Students will be able to write accurately and clearly about biology topics
  • Students will be able to explain why science is an integral activity for addressing social and environmental problems (note: related to public affairs)
Comprehensive major in Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Students will be able to explain the flow of genetic information
  • Students will be able to perform dimensional analyses (dilutions etc.)
Comprehensive major in Environmental Biology and Evolution
  • Students will be able to explain how resource limitation influences populations.
Comprehensive majors in Wildlife Biology and Wildlife Conservation & Management (interdisciplinary major with Agriculture)
  • Students will be able to explain how organisms are interdependent
  • Students will be able to describe the diversity of life

Chemistry (BS, BSEd, MNAS, MS, MSEd)

General student learning outcomes for all chemistry majors
  • Students will demonstrate an understanding of major concepts in all five major disciplines of chemistry: analytical, biochemistry, inorganic, organic and physical.
  • Students will employ critical thinking and the scientific method to design, carry out, record and analyze the results of chemical experiments.
  • Students will demonstrate proficiency in the use of appropriate instrumentation to collect and record data from chemical experiments.
  • Students will demonstrate proficiency in the use of appropriate library searching and retrieval methods to obtain information about a topic, chemical, chemical technique, or an issue relating to chemistry.
  • Students will demonstrate proficiency in writing and speaking about chemistry topics in a clear and concise manner to both chemists and non-chemists according to professional standards.
  • Students will know and follow proper procedures and regulations for safe handling, use, and disposal of chemicals.
  • Students will demonstrate an awareness of the impact of chemistry on the environment, society, and other cultures outside the scientific community.
  • Students will effectively and respectfully communicate and collaborate with colleagues.
  • Students will contribute their own knowledge and experiences to their community and the broader society by participating in professional and/or community activities.
Biochemistry (comprehensive)
  • Students will demonstrate understanding of structure, chemical properties, and reactions of the biomolecules and their biopolymers.
Chemistry - graduate program
  • Students will pursue, present, and defend an original scientific project.
  • Students will have an in-depth understanding and mastery of the literature in at least one particular chemistry subfield (analytical, biochemical, inorganic, organic, or physical).
Chemistry Education - undergraduate and graduate programs
  • Students will demonstrate an understanding of the important aspects of managing a high school chemistry laboratory, including chemical hygiene plans, preparation of materials, and maintenance of chemical stores and equipment.
  • Students will demonstrate the ability to effectively utilize a variety of teaching techniques and strategies in the classroom in order to positively influence student learning.
Industrial Chemistry (comprehensive)
  • (Will be addressed in the future – no differentiated coursework at this time.)

Computer Science (BS, MNAS)

General student learning outcomes for all computer science majors
  • Students will attain an ability to apply knowledge of computing and mathematics appropriate to the discipline
  • Students will attain an ability to analyze a problem, and identify and define the computing requirements appropriate to its solution
  • Students will attain an ability to design, implement, and evaluate a computer-based system, process, component, or program to meet desired needs
  • Students will attain an ability to function effectively on teams to accomplish a common goal
  • Students will attain an understanding of professional, ethical, legal, security and social issues and responsibilities
  • Students will attain an ability to communicate effectively with a range of audiences
  • Students will attain an ability to analyze the local and global impact of computing on individuals, organizations, and society
  • Students will attain recognition of the need for an ability to engage in continuing professional development
  • Students will attain an ability to use current techniques, skills, and tools necessary for computing practice
  • Students will attain an ability to apply mathematical foundations, algorithmic principles, and computer science theory in the modeling and design of computer-based systems in a way that demonstrates comprehension of the tradeoffs involved in design choices
  • Students will attain an ability to apply design and development principles in the construction of software systems of varying complexity.

Geography, Geology, and Planning (BA, BS, MNAS)

BA & BS Geography and BS (Comprehensive) in Geospatial Sciences
  • Students will acquire an understanding of and appreciation for the relationship between geography and culture.

  • Students will acquire an understanding of and appreciation for the role that geography can play in community engagement.
  • Students will develop the ethical aptitudes and dispositions necessary to acquire and hold leadership positions in industry, government, and professional organizations.
  • Students will read, interpret, and generate maps and other geographic representations as well as extract, analyze, and present information from a spatial perspective.
  • Students will understand through lectures but also local, regional, and/or international travel the interconnection between people and places and have a general comprehension of how variations in culture and personal experiences may affect our perception and management of places and regions.
  • Students will have a general understanding of physical geographic processes, the global distribution of landforms and ecosystems, and the role of the physical environment on human populations.
  • Students will have a general understanding of cultural geographic processes, the global distribution of cultural mosaics, and the history and types of interaction between people within and among these mosaics.
  • Students will have a general understanding of global human population patterns, factors influencing the distribution and mobility of human populations including settlement and economic activities and networks, and human impacts on the physical environment. 
  • Students will be able to think in spatial terms to explain what has occurred in the past as well as using geographic principles to understand the present and plan for the future.
  • Students will have a general understanding of how the physical environment, human societies, and local and global economic systems are integral to the principles of sustainable development.
  • Students will have a general understanding of the various theoretical and methodological approaches in both physical and human geography and be able to develop research questions and critically analyze both qualitative and quantitative data to answer those questions.
  • Students will be able to present completed research, including an explanation of methodology and scholarly discussion, both orally and in written form and, wherever possible, utilize cartographic tools and other visual formats.
BA in Geography
  • Students will develop a solid understanding of the concepts of “space”, “place”, and “region” and their importance in explaining world affairs.

  • Students will understand general demographic principles and their patterns at regional and global scales

  • Students will be able to locate on a map major physical features, cultural regions, and individual states and urban centers.

  • Students will understand global and regional patterns of cultural, political and economic institutions, and their effects on the preservation, use and exploitation of natural resources and landscapes.

BS in Geography with emphasis in Cultural & Regional Geography
  • Students will develop a solid understanding of the concepts of “space”, “place”, and “region” and their importance in explaining world affairs.

  • Students will understand general demographic principles and their patterns at regional and global scales.

  • Students will be able to locate on a map major physical features, cultural regions, and individual states and urban centers.

  • Students will understand global and regional patterns of cultural, political and economic institutions, and their effects on the preservation, use and exploitation of natural resources and landscapes.

BS in Geography with emphasis in Environmental & Natural Resources
  • Students will understand the key concepts in physical geography of environmental systems, process linkages, variable scale, and "cause and effect" and how they relate to the influence of climate, geology, and human activities in shaping the earth surface.
  • Students will be able to use accepted field, laboratory, geospatial, and statistical techniques to quantify the quantity, characteristics, and history of physical phenomena for geographic research and natural resources management.
  • Students will be able to use the scientific method including critical thinking, sampling, hypothesis formulation and testing, and controlled experimentation to assess environmental problems, and be able to effectively communicate research objectives, methodology, results, interpretations, and conclusions in oral and written formats.
  • Students will be able to synthesize geographic knowledge and apply innovative research strategies to solve problems in resource conservation, environmental change, and sustainable development within the community, region, and world.
BS in Geography with emphasis in Geotourism
  • Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the fundamental principles, concepts and knowledge of Geotourism from the perspective of the National
    Geographic Society’s guidelines.

  • Students will be able to identify the principles, practices, and philosophies, which affect the economic, social, cultural, psychological, and marketing aspects of human travel and the tourism industry.

  • Students will be able to articulate the key concepts and methods used to investigate and make sense of the role, significance and impact of tourism that sustains or
    enhances the geographical character of a place—its environment, culture, aesthetics, heritage, and the well-being of its residents.

  • Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the asset theory, cost-benefit analysis, tax policy impacts, and other economic and statistical aspects of tourism, approached from the elements in the Geotourism perspective.

  • Students will be able to examine research designed to determine economic impacts of the Geotourism industry.

  • Students will be able to evaluate the conflicting agenda of society’s various stakeholders and the need to reconcile environmental, economic and sociocultural concerns.

  • Students will be able to critically examine community Geotourism issues and develop coherent solutions.

  • Students will be able to demonstrate effective written, oral and visual communication skills to present these solutions.

  • Students will be able to apply the principles of Geotourism to a local, regional or national community to develop a tourism policy and plan based on Geotourism
    parameters.

BS in Geospatial Science
  • Students will acquire knowledge of the foundations and theories of digital cartography, geographic information systems (GIS), and remote sensing.

  • Students will acquire skills of applying spatial data analysis, feature extraction, and thematic mapping techniques to analyze biophysical or socioeconomic geographic information.

  • Students will acquire the ability of working individually and as a team to develop and present a client-driven geospatial solution.

Hospitality and Restaurant Administration (BAS, BS)

General student learning outcomes for all hospitality and restaurant administration majors
  • Students will demonstrate an understanding of leadership theory and the relationship between ethical leadership, corporate culture, and performance.
  • Students will interact effectively with people from diverse backgrounds and cultures.
  • Students will engage in community activities directly benefitting the broader community.
  • Students will acquire and demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of hospitality industry knowledge.
  • Students will engage in learning activities that provide a foundation for the management of foodservice operations.
  • Students will engage in learning activities that provide a foundation for the management of lodging operations.
  • Students will acquire an understanding of the importance of tourism and the hospitality industry’s role in supporting this vital economic force.
  • Students will acquire, integrate, and evaluate a core set of business skills necessary to successfully operate a hospitality organization.
  • Students will demonstrate effective written and oral communication.
  • Students will demonstrate quantitative reasoning and critical thinking skills needed to make sound business decisions.
Club Management
  • Students will acquire the ability to develop and implement strategic and operational initiatives for private clubs.
  • Students will develop an understanding of the structure, organization, financial strategies and customer trends in multiple components of private club operations.
  • Students will acquire an understanding of legal and human resource challenges in the private club segment.
  • Students will demonstrate appropriate planning, production, safety, and maintenance procedures in food and beverage operations.
Food and Beverage
  • Students will engage in learning activities that provide an understanding of production flow, pricing, purchasing, inventory, and cost control strategies necessary for operating efficient, profitable food and beverage operations.
  • Students will demonstrate appropriate planning, production, safety, and maintenance procedures in food and beverage operations.
  • Students will acquire an understanding of legal and human resource concerns in food and beverage operations.
  • Students will utilize research and analytical skills to understand customer and market trends in the food and beverage industry.
General Operations
  • Students will acquire the ability to analyze managerial and operational challenges involved in planning and deploying functions in the hospitality industry.
  • Students will engage in learning activities that focus on strategic and operational issues in the hospitality industry.
  • Students will utilize research and analytical skills to understand the interdependence of hospitality businesses and destination development.
Lodging
  • Students will recognize and analyze critical issue, current challenges, and customer and market trends the in lodging industry.
  • Students will determine and execute managerial functions necessary to effectively and profitably manage lodging operations.
  • Students will acquire, integrate, and evaluate yield, sales, revenue management, and cost control strategies necessary for operating efficient, profitable lodging operations.
  • Students will engage in learning activities that provide an understanding of design, layout, and maintenance strategies of lodging facilities.
Senior Living Management
  • Students will acquire the ability to develop and implement strategic and operational initiatives for continuing care retirement communities.
  • Students will develop an understanding of the larger effects that aging has on extended families.
  • Students will acquire an understanding of the physical, social, and economic concerns and challenges faced by an aging population.
  • Students will demonstrate appropriate planning, production, safety, and maintenance procedures in food and beverage operations.
Tourism
  • Students will gain an understanding of the social, economic, environmental, and political forces that influence the tourism industry.
  • Students will engage in learning activities that focus on the role, significance, and impact of sustainable tourism.
  • Students will utilize research and analytical skills to understand the interdependence of hospitality businesses and destination development.

Mathematics (BA, BS, BSEd, MNAS, MS)

General student learning outcomes for all mathematics majors
  • Students will demonstrate the ability to think critically, research, and reason. (Ethical Leadership)
  • Students will recognize and differentiate among diverse cultures through the history of mathematics. (Cultural Competence)
  • Students will engage in activities directly benefitting the broader community. (Community Engagement)
  • Students will demonstrate an understanding of the common body of knowledge in mathematics.
  • Students will demonstrate the ability to apply analytical and theoretical skills to model and solve mathematical problems.
  • Students will demonstrate the ability to analyze data and draw appropriate statistical conclusions.
  • Students will demonstrate the ability to effectively utilize a variety of teaching techniques and classroom strategies to positively influence student learning.